Audience

This means that the memo is clearly written for a specific person/people, and communicaties directly to them.  Soemtimes memos clearly take the needs and concerns of their audience into account, and sometimes they don't.  Basically, the question to ask is: Does the memo feel connected to the audience? Does it take their needs into account?

Memos regarding "Signing Kyoto Protocol" and "Climate Change COP-6 Negotiations Issues," sent to President Bill Clinton, November 2000

Memos reviewed by Anna Lipscomb, HKS MPP

Smoke Pollution

“Signing Kyoto Protocol – Timing” (February 6, 1998) and “Climate Change COP6-Negotiation Issues” (November 10, 2000), obtained by the National Security Archive through a Clinton Library Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, offer a behind-the-scenes look into the Clinton Administration’s deliberations on international climate change policy decisions and actions at the Kyoto Protocol and Conference of the Parties (COP-6). Although these two memos address two different points of global climate discussions – one at the end of a negotiation and the other at the beginning -- they both described opportunities for the Clinton Administration to advance its climate goals during periods of uncertainty in domestic politics.... Read more about Memos regarding "Signing Kyoto Protocol" and "Climate Change COP-6 Negotiations Issues," sent to President Bill Clinton, November 2000

Peter Navarro, Assistant to President Trump, sends Memo Warning of Mass Coronavirus Death Circulated in January, 2020

Memos reviewed by Lauren Brodsky, HKS Lecturer in Public Policy

Picture of Covid-19 Memo

The New York Times and Axiom have exposed the pleas, on the record, of Assistant to the President Peter Navarro in the months leading to the COVID-19 pandemic. It’s excruciating now to read these memos, written January and February, whereby Navarro lit the siren for the administration to act quickly and prepare.... Read more about Peter Navarro, Assistant to President Trump, sends Memo Warning of Mass Coronavirus Death Circulated in January, 2020